From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Mind map or mindmap is a multicoloured and image centered radial diagram that represents semantic or other connections between portions of learned material. For example, it can graphically illustrate the structure of government institutions in a state. Once a mind map is well-structured and well-established, it can be subject to review (e.g. with spaced repetition). The uniform graphic formulation of the semantic structure of knowledge may help reconsolidation of memories. This can make memories more stable and long lasting and may increase motivation to work on a task.
Mind mapping guidelines
These are the foundation structures of a Mind Map, although these
are open to free interpretation by the individual:
- Start in the centre with an image of the topic, using at least
- Use images, symbols, codes and dimensions throughout your Mind
- Select key words and print using upper or lower case letters.
- Each word word/image must be alone and sitting on its own
- The lines must be connected, starting from the central image.
The central lines are thicker, organic and flowing, becoming
thinner as they radiate out from the centre.
- Make the lines the same length as the word/image.
- Use colours – your own code – throughout the Mind Map.
- Develop your own personal style of Mind Mapping.
- Use emphasis and show associations in your Mind Map.
- Keep the Mind Map clear by using Radiant hierarchy, numerical
order or outlines to embrace your branches.
Critical research on mind mapping
Buzan (1991) claims that the mind map is a vastly superior note
taking method because it does not lead to the alleged
"semi-hypnotic trance" state induced by the other note
forms. Buzan also claims that the mind map utilizes the full range
of left and right human cortical skills, balances the brain, taps
into the 99% of your unused mental potential, and taps into your
intuition (which he calls "superlogic"). However, there
has been research conducted on the technique which suggests that
such claims may actually be marketing hype based on urban myths
about the brain.
There are benefits to be gained by summarizing and organizing
knowledge using various graphic organizers. However, Farrand,
Hussain, and Hennessy (2002) suggested that the mind map technique
had a limited impact on learning (only a 10% increase) and a
significant decrease in motivation compared to preferred methods of
note taking and idea generation techniques. They found that learners
preferred to use other methods because mind mapping can be confusing
when reviewed, they tended not to use multi-color notes, and the
better students tended to use a wide variety of strategies rather
than a single technique. Indeed, Pressley, VanEtten, Yokoi, Freebern,
and VanMeter (1998) found that learners tended to learn far better
by focusing on the content of learning material rather than worrying
over any one particular form of note making.
This text is available under the terms of the GNU
Free Documentation License